April 29, 2008
Though it was only in 1978 that the BPS and APA drew up ethical guidelines for psychological research, a decade after his study into obedience to authority, Stanly Milgram has nonetheless been hugely criticised for breaking the majority of these basic rules. Participants were unable to give their informed consent as they were deceived about the true nature of the experiment. Milgram also failed to protect the participants from psychological harm; when they protested, it was made difficult for them to leave. Milgram argued this was essential, and that his study could have been carried out in no other way.